That's the year the first veteran's court opened, in Buffalo, NY, according to the National Center for State Courts.
The veteran’s court model is based on drug treatment and/or mental health treatment courts. Substance abuse or mental health treatment is offered as an alternative to incarceration. Typically, veteran mentors assist with the programs. An important issue that has to be addressed is the eligibility for veteran’s courts in terms of whether charges involving felonies or crimes of violence will be allowed. The inclusion of offenders charged with inter-family violence is also of grave concern to policy makers.
This page offers a collection of annotated links to resources on the development of veterans courts, federal legislation, relevant organizations, and state-specific materials.
Justice for Vets, an advocacy group, offers additional resources, including Studies and Statistics.
And here's a recent 60 Minutes segment on an innovative veterans court program started by a judge in Texas.